Kharkiv (укр. – Харків, рус. – Харьков) – the first capital of Soviet Ukraine and the second most populous city in Ukraine, founded in the middle of the XVII century.

TOP 3 attractions Kharkov

Gosprom - attraction of Kharkov
Sights of Kharkov. Gosprom

Since 1919 to 1934 Kharkiv was the capital of Soviet Ukraine. The new status of the city demanded new approaches to urban development, one of which was the construction of the House of the state industry (abbreviated from Russian language as Gosprom or from Ukrainian as Derzhprom). This landmark of Kharkov is the first high-rise building of reinforced concrete in the USSR, made in the trendy then constructivist style.

Blagoveschenskiy Cathedral - sight of Kharkov
Sights of Kharkov. Blagoveschenskiy Cathedral
Blagoveschenskiy Cathedral

As conceived by the architect Michael Lovtsov, the author of the attractions of Kharkov, builded in 1901, the cathedral had to be different from other temples of Kharkov both its appearance and finish. And he did it! Hit the dimensions of the church: the height of the bell tower with a cross – 80 m. The capacity – about 4,000 people. Pearl of the interior of the cathedral – the iconostasis made of white marble.

Gorky park - point of interest in Kharkov
Kharkov points of interest. Gorky park
Gorky park

Park of Culture and Rest named after Maxim Gorky – this is the full name of the attractions in Kharkiv. Location is interesting because in the landscaped area among tall trees settled ultra modern rides, which are interesting not only for children but also for adults. Among them – a modern observation wheel, which offers a beautiful view of the city of Kharkiv.

Sights of Kharkov in historical context

1659 at the Cape at the confluence of the Kharkiv and Lopan appeared fortress designed to protect the southern borders of Muscovy. With the abolition of the Cossack self-government in 1765 p. Kharkiv became the center of Sloboda- Ukrainian provinces and due to its favorable position turns into the biggest shopping center of the region.

The oldest preserved stone buildings of the city is well-built St. Basil’s Cathedral , built in the former fortress in 1689 he is part of the Holy Protection Monastery, where preserved bell tower and church Ozeryanska and later buildings – saddlery workshop , stables, Bishop (1820) and administrative (1912) at home. In the central part of the XVIII century. there is a series of stone and administrative religious buildings – houses and the governor of Kharkov College (1768 ), which started in 1805 Kharkov University , Provision warehouses , banks and present locations.

The greatest of contemporary churches Assumption Cathedral (1777 ) and later completed 89 -meter bell tower (1844). At the turn of XIX-XX centuries. in a large number of stone buildings was the most diverse destination – home of banks and hotels, and profitable trading houses, schools and theaters, houses and administrative buildings and more. Then the city was adorned with a number of wonderful places of worship – the Church of St. Panteleimon the Healer (1898) , Annunciation Cathedral (1901 ) and others.

A particular stage of development of the city, which added a lot of notable touches its architectural appearance, were 15 years ( 1919-1934 ) when was the capital of Soviet Ukraine . Most telling in this regard ensemble most spacious in Europe Freedom Square. It is unique in Ukraine a place where polished architectural style of the young Soviet state. In the area of ??preserved ensemble of structures , the sequence of which was determined postavannya their significance for the country then – House Gosprom (1925 -1929) , house design organizations (now housing the Kharkov University, 1930-1932 ), building cooperation ( 1929-1954 ) and four buildings of the hotel ” International ” (now ” Kharkiv “, 1932-1936) .

So far, a mixture of pre- construction era Soviet times and determine the architectural style of the central part of Kharkov. The city has many monuments chudovoyh (M. Gogol, V.Karazin , H. Kvitka- Osnovyanenko , M. Kropyvnytsky and others. ), Among which the most famous one of the best tracks multifigured Ukrainian Bard – Taras Shevchenko ( 1936).

Restaurants of Kharkov